Folate are a natural source of vitamin B9. Folic acid is a synthetic form of this vitamin. Folate deficiency helps to increase the risk of neural nervous system defects in the child. That is why their supplementation is so important for a few months before pregnancy is planned.
Folate and folic acid are different forms of the same vitamin B9. Different sources are used interchangeably, although differences between them are very significant. It is different for them to act on the human body, therefore, these concepts should not be confused.
Role of vitamin B9
Vitamin B9 is a vitamin that is naturally found in the form of folate. Their action in the human body is omnidirectional. A very important role foliany play in the proper formation of DNA structures. Low levels of vitamin B9 in foods significantly increase the risk of many systemic diseases. First of all, low levels of folate are associated with a risk to the foetus. Folate deficiency in pregnant women contributes to the onset of neural nerve defects. In addition, low levels of folate translate to high homocysteine levels, and this in turn adversely affects the cardiovascular system. Foliany in the body also correlates with the risk of tumour formation. The lower the level, the greater the body’s predisposition to cancerous diseases. Vitamin B9 is commonly suplementowana. In some countries, Folianami food is specifically strengthened, resulting in a decrease in the risk of nervous neural defects. To have a beneficial effect on the body, the supplements must be enriched folianami, not folic acid.
Foliany and Folic acid
Foliany are a natural form of vitamin B9. The active form of this vitamin is 5-MTHF, which is 5-metyltetrahydrofoliowy acid, which is only formed in the human body after ingestion of folate and only in this form is active metabolically, acting favorably on the body. Most folates derived from supplements or food are very easily converted into this active metabolite and the body can fully reap the benefits of its consumption. Folic acid is a synthetic form of vitamin B9. This is otherwise pteroylmonoglutamic acid. It is a figure contained in most of the vitamin supplements in our country, because it was once thought that it was better digestible than natural foliany. Meanwhile, it turns out that it is quite the opposite. To act on the body must also be changed to 5-MTHF acid, but this transformation is far more complex, complicated and associated with a greater risk of failure than natural folate. It requires a number of additional enzymes and compounds, which in turn does not always give guarantees that what is assumed will be fully absorbed.